Baba Kamma 1:2
If I am answerable for the care of a thing, it is I that render possible the injury that it may do.
If I render possible part of that injury, I must make restitution for that injury as he that rendered possible the whole of that injury.
and if the injury is done, the injurer must make restitution for the injury with the best of his land.
1. According to the Mishna, what is the relationship between responsibility and liability? Why?
2. If I am responsible for the care of an animal, what percentage of liability am I responsible for, if it causes injury? Why?
3. If I am required to make restitution for an injury, how do I pay fo rit?
4. Do I have the ability to choose how I will pay it back? Why or why not?
Baba Kamma begins the exposition concerning ownership, responsibility and its consequences in the Mishna. We begin with "Mishnayot" (plural of "mishna") that enumerate basic concepts of responsibility for damages.
The first concept learned is that "the one who is responsible for something is the one who is responsible for the injury it commits." This is a given.
Building upon this firs concept, we learn that "If I am responsible for part of the damage done, I am responsible for all the damage done."
The third concept learned is that, "Payment for damages must be made from the best we have, not the worst."
Responsibility and liability are related. Liability is part of the burden of those responsible.